Importance of our work to preserve environment
Biodiversity is represented by the different life forms that inhabit our planet. It essentially refers to the variety of life,
including ecosystems (terrestrial and aquatic), ecological communities, diversity between species, and within each species.
The concept of biodiversity involves all types of biological varieties, which can broadly be classified in three levels: genes,
species and ecosystems. Biodiversity as such is the result of the process of evolution, which manifests itself through the
existence of different life forms adapted to a wide range of ecological conditions.
In terms of biodiversity, Mexico is part of a group of twelve countries known as "biologically mega-diverse". This
group includes countries such as Brazil, Colombia, USA, Peru, Zaire, China, Madagascar, Indonesia and Australia. In fact,
Mexico is considered as the 4th country with more biological diversity in the World. Almost all of the known types of
vegetation in the planet can be found here.
Furthermore, around 52% of the plant species are endemic. Our deserts have the largest number of cacti in the World. Our cloud
forests cover only 1% of our mountains but they host 10% of the different plant species.
It is estimated that up to 10% of all known animal species inhabit Mexico. It occupies the first place in reptile diversity,
the second in mammal diversity and the fourth in amphibians. Mexico has 30% more bird species than the U.S.A. and Canada
In a global scale, the following statistics are recognized:
- The 8.7% of amphibian species.
- More than 11% of birds, reptiles and mammals.
- The 14% of fish species. Migratory species: Birds, butterflies, fish, whales, bats and turtles.